DIGITALNA ARHIVA ŠUMARSKOG LISTA
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|ŠUMARSKI LIST 1-2/2002 str. 59 <-- 59 --> PDF|
R. Sahaüi: ŠPANJOLSKA - ŠUMARSTVO I ŠUMARSKA POLITIKA; PRERADA I TRGOVINA DRVOM Šumarski liši br. I -2. CXXVI (201)2). 35-57
climatic conditions, growing stock is composed 71 % of broadleaved, and
29 % of coniferous trees. The annual increment is about 30 million in3, the
annual felling in forests is about 16 million m3, plus 3.2 million m3 timber
felled outside forest.
Taking into account the accelerated industrial development, Spain is more
and more dependent upon imports of wood and products made thereof. About
one third of sawnwood is being imported, from domestic production only plywood
consumption is self sufficient, about one third of apparent consumption
ofparticleboard and fibreboard of all kinds is also being imported.
Production of wood pulp and paper is based on mechanical and chemical
pulp, which gener-ally satisfy the greatest part of consumption. The consumption
of paper and paperboard grows parallel with the industrial development.
The same is the case with wood and wooden products, in one and half decade
from 1980 the consumption in several items has grown even more than 50 %.
Imports and exports are being quadrupled in the same period, imports being
about 2.23 times larger than exports. Unfavorable trends will continue in the
future, regardless of the huge efforts in afforestation, erosion, flood and torrent
control, as well as forest fires control, etc.
The total number of employees in forestry is about 32,200 (0.23 % from
the total employ-ment), and in timber industries 144,000 (1.04 % from the
Gross domestic product (GDP) in forestry is about 0.17 %, and in forest
industries inclusive paper and paperboard industries is 0.72 % from the
Spain is significantly decentralised country with strong regional even separatistic
tenden-cies, which is a considerable obstacle to the efficiency of promotive
measures in forestry and upon it based industries, particularly in the
private sector of ownership, characterised with low efficiency and dispersion.
Key words: Forestry and forest policy, Forest education, Woodworking
Employment in forestry and forest industries, Gross domestic product. Timber