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ŠUMARSKI LIST 13/2003 str. 24     <-- 24 -->        PDF

ski) in the north to Sveta Magdalena (near Starigrad) in the south. In the area
covered by the Inspectorate taking up over 51,777 ha, the most important
activities included karst afforestation by establishing 95 areas of cultures forest
enclosures over 10,097 ha. In the cultures -forest enclosures 1,738 ha
were afforested, 1,441 ha were refilled, and 7, 435 ha were naturally regenerated.
Afforestation and refilling was accomplished with about 15 million
nursery-raised seedlings and with sowing 3,600 kg seeds. A total of
82,724,368 seedlings, or 1,334,264 seedlings annually, were produced in the
nurseries of the Inspectorate. Most of the produced seedlings (60 %) were
delivered across the country, and the remaining amount was intended for the
area of the littoral karst (40 %). The construction of a dry-stone wall extending
in the length of 260 accounted for the major share of technical operations.
The following means were invested into all the operations (25), staff salaries
and torrent management: 372,088 forints (18 %), 1,229,129 krones (30 %),
16,835,845 dinars (51 %) and 404,996 kunas (1 %). The overall means were
distributed into three groups of activities: a) salaries 48 %, b) silvicultural
group 31 %, c) technical group 12 %, and d) torrent management 9 %.

The permanent activities of the Inspectorate lasting for 64 years
(1878-1942) considerably improved the conditions on karst, which had a
very positive effect on the life of the local population. The activities of the
Inspectorate have been relatively poorly investigated and are thus little
known to the forestry profession and the wider public. This paper aims to rectify
this situation. The paper presents research of several years which contributed
to a more comprehensive evaluation of the role and the results of the
activities of the Inspectorate in the past, the present and the future. After the
cessation of the Inspectorates activities, numerous generations of forestry
experts drew upon the resulting positive experiences and further added to
them. This accounted for considerable savings in means and time and
enabled new generations to focus on more qualitative solutions.

The relatively high population density, the distinct lack of resources in
meagre existence, the large number of small cattle, an enormous demand for
timber, fuelwood in particular, and for other forest goods, the lack of legal
regulations in forestry and inadequate protection of forests from damage and
pests slowed down the establishment and development of cultures -forest
enclosures. This was further aggravated by the absence of the much-needed
silvicultural treatments in the cultures -forest enclosures, which stemmed
from a justifiable fear of repeated vegetation disappearance. Despite all this,
the newly-established cultures -forest enclosures fully achieved multiple general
forest functions. However, for the reasons mentioned above their gradual
transformation into autochthonous stands was slowed down.

The material collected and systematised through research of several years
represents a small bibliography of Croatian karst forestry with special
emphasis on littoral karst. The complex processing of all the activities of the
Inspectorate during its 64 years of continuous work (1878-1942) has resulted
in new insights into karst forestry and contributed to the history of forestry
and silviculture - in the first place seed production, nursery production and
afforestation, patterns of forest development on karst, silvicultural-technical
activities, improvement of former torrents, forest protection, forest management
and horticulturallandscaping regulation of tourist sites and protected
sites of nature on the coastal part of Croatian littoral karst area.

Key words: Royal Inspectorate for the Afforestation of Karst in the
Krajina Region in Senj (Inspectorate), Inspectorate for the Afforestation of
Karst, Bare Areas and Torrent Control in Senj (Inspectorate), culture -forest
enclosure, afforestation, refilling, Krajina Investment Fund.

Šumarski list SUPLLMENT (2003). 3-22