DIGITALNA ARHIVA ŠUMARSKOG LISTA
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|ŠUMARSKI LIST 1-2/2008 str. 34 <-- 34 --> PDF|
I. Trinajstić: PRILOG POZNAVANJU RASPROSTRANJENOSTI ŠUME TISE I LIPE – As. Tilio-Taxetum ... Šumarski list br. 1–2, CXXXII (2008), 25-32
SUMMARY: In the work, the new localities of the Tilio-Taxetum ass. in
Croatia are published. These are Vražji prolaz near Skrad and Kamačnik
near Vrbosko in Gorski Kotar, as well as the Plitvice Lakes National Park in
Mala Kapela. The floristic composition is shown in the analytical table 1,
prepared on the basis of 4 relevés. Simultaneously, it was made the syntaxonomic
revision of the floristic composition published by Glavač (1959: Tab.
1), prepared on the basis of 15 relevés.
Within the so-far known floristic composition of the ass. Tilio-Taxetum, a
total of 183 species has been registered. In all 19 relevés (100 %) 2 species
only, or 1,1 %, have been registered, in more than 50 % (10–19) of the relevés
39 species, or 21,3 %, have been registered, while in one relevé only 53
species, or 29 %, of the total floristic composition have been registered. Out
of the total floristic composition, 11 species, or 61,2 %, are individual syntaxa
and 71 species, or 38,8 %, are companion plants. The quantitative relations
of individual groups of species (characteristic and differential species, companion
plants) are shown in table 1 under columns 5, 6 and 7.
The Illyrian association Tilio-Taxetum is classified in the Aremonio-
Fagion alliance and inside it in the Ostryo-Fagenion suballiance, the
Fagetalia sylvaticae order and the Querco-Fagete class. Its congenerous
Central European association Taxo-Fagetum is classified within the
Fagetalia sylvaticae order and the class Quereco-Fagetea class in the Fagion
sylvaticae alliance and the Cephalanthero-Fagenion suballiance.
From the syndynamic and syngenetic point of view, the initial and optimal
development phases of the Tilio-Taxetum ass., because of their growing on
steeper slopes, are reflected as a constant stage within the climazonal beech
forests. The terminal development phase shows a tendency of succession
toward the climazonal forms of beech or beech-fir forests. In the first case it is
mostly the. Ostryo-Fagetum ass., and in the second case probably the