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ŠUMARSKI LIST 5-6/2008 str. 34     <-- 34 -->        PDF

D. Degmečić, M. Bićanić: ZNAČAJ TJELESNE TEŽINE KOD VRSTE EUROPSKA SRNA (Capreolus capreolus L.) Šumarski list br. 5–6, CXXXII (2008), 245-252
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SUMMARY: In many areas of Europe regional differences in growth, body
size and daily growth in body weight of fawns have been noticed and recorded.
Since both the main aims of hunting management and the directions for
selection and breeding measures depend on knowing these characteristics (liveweight
after fawning, rate of growth and body development), these data are
crucial for implementing adequate measures designed for improvement of roe
deer breeding. Without long-term data on actual size of population of roe deer
and its sex and age structure in a particular hunting ground, not even the
best game experts can proscribe adequate breeding measures and rational
utilization of roe deer. Without these data it is also impossible to give proper
management directions, the implementation of which could enable a permanent
high-quality production of roe deer. This paper will point out the existing
values in growth and body development of roe deer in eastern Slavonija and
Baranja. We also aim to stress the importance of constant monitoring of these
values and to show what sort of influence the values of body growth and development
have to the trophy value, to successful breeding (number of embryos)
and to proper fawn growth as well as what significance these data have for
selective and breeding measures. The body weight of fawns in litter was monitored
in Haljevo forest, as was the daily increase of fawn body weight. Body
weight of fawns, young and breeding stock has been monitored during hunting
season in a typical forest habitat of roe deer in Spačva and in a typical
field habitat Baranjsko Podunavlje. Research on these three localities confirmed
that several values are important for roe deer management: fawn body
weight in litter, fast early growth of fawns, death rate during first months of life,
body weight of fawns before their first winter, body weight of does, fertility
of does, body weight of bucks, trophy structure of bucks.

Key words: body weight of fawns in litter, daily growth rate of fawns,
roe deer productivity, average value of body weight of bucks and does