DIGITALNA ARHIVA ŠUMARSKOG LISTA
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I. Dakskobler: FITOCENOLOŠKAISTRAŽIVANJA ŠUMSKIH EKOSUSTAVANA POČETKU 21. STOLJEĆAŠumarski list br. 1–2, CXXXIII (2009), 53-62
research of plants, including forest vegetation. Nevertheless, the foundations
of phytocoenological study of forest ecosystems in the 21stcentury may stay
similar to what they have been so far. This means the knowledge of plants, i.e.
botanical knowledge, remains essential. A forester who is professionally
active in the forest should be familiar with the flora and vegetation of his district,
so botany and dendrology in the new study programmes should be
taught in the same extent as before, with a sufficient number of lessons left for
practical and field work. Forest phytocoenology is their upgrading and its
composite part is the knowledge of different methods of vegetation analysis.
There are more methods apart from the Central-European method. Lately
functional approach has gained momentum in Europe in discussions and
research of vegetation, especially of that in disturbed habitats, and in the
study of syndynamic processes (compare e.g. Grime 1974, 2001, Klotz et al.
2002). It would be very useful for the southeastern Alpine-Dinaric region with
its variegated vegetation to prepare and unify the databases of our numerous
relevés, to process them and critically review the correctness of names and
justification of some of the syntaxa. This can only be done with consideration
of the actual site conditions and the actual phytocoenoses in nature, which
means we should not act merely as statisticians or mathematicians, who hardly
know anything about the forest. Forest communities, associations treated
as abstract units, should be not only floristically (which can be adequately
provided with a mathematical processing), but also ecologically grounded,
foresters (who are the users of our research) should be able to recognise their
stands in the field, and our descriptions ought to provide help to foresters in
concrete interventions into the forest.
Key words:phytocoenology (phytosociology), historical development,
multivariate methods, Slovenia, Croatia.