prilagođeno pretraživanje po punom tekstu

ŠUMARSKI LIST 9-10/2010 str. 71     <-- 71 -->        PDF

J. Tomićević, M. A. Shannon, D. Vuletić: DEVELOPING LOCAL CAPACITY FOR PARTICIPATORY ... Šumarski list br. 9–10, CXXXIV (2010), 503-515

the local people were marginalized when Tara National in general and the visible loss of young people. In order
Park was formed in 1981, today they are willing and in-to meet the challenge of strengthening the local ecoterested
in working with the Park administration in the

nomy so as to achieve sustainable development inTara
conservation and management of the region.Thus, the

and maintaining the biodiversity that givesTara its spe-
National ParkTara Public Enterprise is well-situated to

cial ecological value, local people and managers will
serve as the convener of participatory management.

need to build greater communicative and participatory
Sadly, the local people of Tara share a generally ne-

capacity in order to better understand one another and
gative expectation about the future for their lives in the work together in a community-based participatory ma-
Tara area. These views reflect their economic hardship nagement processes.

Attitudes towards conservation in NPTara

Stav lokalnog stanovništva premazaštiti NP Tara

While summarising the results from the household graphic and socio-economic variables could help to ex-
questionnaire, it became clear that the demographic plain why some respondents hold more positive attituand
socio-economic conditions, which have changed in des towards conservation the nonparametric test of
Tara National Park in recent years, have influenced rank correlation was applied together with the Spearpeople’s
attitudes towards conservation in Tara Natio-man rank correlation coefficient (Table 2).
nal Park. For the analysis to determine which demo-

Table 2 Correlations between socioeconomic variables1 in Rastište and Jagoštica villages

Tablica2.Korelacija između socioekonomskih varijabli1 u selima Rastište iJagoštica

Village – Selo Rastište Jagoštica
Variables –Varijable 2 3 4 5 2 3 4 5
1. gender/spol ns ns ns -.251 * ns ns ns ns
2. age/dob ns -.364 ** -.353 ** ns ns -.429 **
3. education/obrazovanje ns .348 ** ns ns
4. work for NP/rad za NP .841 ** .507 **
5. relationship with NP/ attitudes
towards conservation /
odnosi sa NP/ stav o NP

** Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed) –Značajnost korelacije za razinu pouzdanosti 0.01 (2-strano)

* Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed) –Značajnost korelacije za razinu pouzdanosti 0.05 (2-strano
ns – not significant –nije značajno

Spearman’s coefficient between gender of respondents
in Rastište and relationship with NP is: -.251*
(df=65, p< .05), what shows that women have bad relationship
with NP, or otherwise negative attitude toward
conservation, or that male have more positive attitudes
toward conservation than women.Age of respondents in
Rastište and variable relationship with NP correlates
with: -.353** (df=65, p< .01), what shows that older
people have less or bad relationship with NP, or more negative
attitude toward conservation.Variable education
and relationship with NPcorrelates with: .348** (df=65,
p< .01), and clearly showed that education significantly
has influence on positive attitudes toward conservation.
The respondents in Rastište who work for NP have a
good relationship with NPor positive attitudes toward
conservation, correlation are: .841** (df=65, p< .01).

The correlation between the work for NPvariable
andrelationshipwithNPvariable in Jagošticais: .507**
(df=37, p<.01) showing that almost only interviewees
whoworkforNPhavea goodrelationshipwithNational

correlation between the age of respondents in Jagoštica
and the relationship with NPis: -.429** (df=37, p<.01).
The negative correlation means that the correlation is
contrarytothe setvaluesofthevariables,whichina
concretesituationmeansthatyoungpeople havemore

Positive attitudes towards Tara National Park and
conservation in both villages were significantly influenced
by the age of the respondents and whether or not
they worked for the national park (Table 2). The employment
in the National Park variable was found to
have a significant influence on attitudes towards conservation,
possibly the result of benefits received from the
Tara National Park enterprise. The findings suggest that
benefits are an incentive for people to perceive conservation
positively.Acorrelation between benefits and positive
attitudes has been confirmed in many cases
(Gillingham & Lee, 1999; Mehta & Heinen,
2001).Furthermore,some differences were evident
in the results obtained from the two villages. In the case
of the Rastište community, a greater number of variables