DIGITALNA ARHIVA ŠUMARSKOG LISTA
prilagođeno pretraživanje po punom tekstu
|ŠUMARSKI LIST 1-2/2013 str. 35 <-- 35 --> PDF|
BIOMASS PRODUCTION AND ENERGY POTENTIAL OF SOME EASTERN COTTONWOOD (Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh.) CLONES IN RELATION TO PLANTING SPACING
PRODUKCIJA BIOMASE I ENERGETSKI POTENCIJAL NEKIH KLONOVA CRNE TOPOLE (Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh.) U ODNOSU NA RAZMAK SADNJE
Savo Rončević, Siniša Andrašev, Petar Ivanišević, Branislav Kovačević, Bojana Klašnja
The possibility of biomass production was studied in an experimental trial stand with four clones of Eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh. cl.457, cl.450, cl.618 and cl. 55/65 and three stand densities a) 1.2 × 1.0 m (8330 plants·ha–1), b) 1.2 × 0.75 m (11110 plants·ha–1) and c) 1.2 × 0.5 m (16600 plants·ha–1). Field trials were conducted on sandy-loamy form of fluvisol.
Total determined volume of trunk, bark, and branches in the first two-year cycle for the used Eastern cottonwood ranged from 27.391 m3·ha–1 in clone 450 at planting distance of 1.2 × 1.0 m, subtreatment (a) to 42.006 m3·ha–1 in clone 618, subtreatment (c) at planting distance of 1.2 × 0.5 m. After renovation of stand using the regeneration force of shoots from the tree stumps the produced wood mass in the second two-year cycle ranged from 54.664 m3·ha–1 in clone 55/65, subtreatment (a) to 79.235 m3·ha–1 in clone 450, subtreatment (b).
In additon to clone selection a significant influence on biomass yeald was also exerted by stand density (number of plants·ha–1).
The largest amount of heat energy would be obtained in subtreatment (c) at density of 1.20 × 0.5 m by combustion of biomass of above ground part of clone 55/65: 364.02 GJ·ha–1 in the first cycle, and 659.83 GJ·ha–1 in the second, or a total of 1023.85 GJ·ha–1.
Key words: poplar, clone, plant density, biomass, energy value.