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ŠUMARSKI LIST 11-12/2015 str. 60     <-- 60 -->        PDF

and 80% of the visitors of NaP Vransko jezero. The next highest ranked explanatory answers are related to peace and quietness, organisation and cleanliness of the park, hospitality of staff and organisation of hiking trails (Figure 10).
The CA analysis in figure 11 shows the overall connection (c2) between the variables for the possible improvement of park offer and the parks is 58,9862. The first dimension explains 91,67% of the overall connection, while the second explains 8,33%.
More than a third of visitors quoted descriptive answers related to:
– Improve the offer and contents: 40% in NaP Telašćica, 30% in NaP Vransko jezero and 30% in the NP Paklenica;
– Put in order the sanitary facilities: 16% in NaP Vransko jezero, 13% in NaP Telašćica and 6% in the NP Paklenica;
– Arrival of visitors in different times of the day: even 24% in the NaP Telašćica, 2% in the NaP Vransko jezero and 1% in the NP Paklenica;
– Better marketing on the internet: 4% in the NP Paklenica and 6% in the NaP Vransko jezero.
43% of the examinees consider that nothing has to change in the parks.
The results of the KEC research (Agriconsulting S.p.A. 2005) conducted in the NP Risnjak, NP Sjeverni Velebit, NP Plitvička jezera, NP Paklenica and NaP Velebit, already showed that a systematic monitoring of visitor characteristics in National and Nature parks in Croatia enables the optimisation of the visiting system, allowing the reception of an increased number of visitors and at the same time not compromising the natural values for which the parks were founded.
Comparing the results of this research conducted in 2010 in the NP Paklenica, NaP Vransko jezero and NaP Telaščica on the level of the Zadar county with the overall results of the study ‘Tomas 2006 National parks and Nature parks’ (Marušić i dr. 2007) which was conducted in six national parks (Plitvice lakes, Krka, Kornati, Northern Velebit, Paklenica, Brijuni) and two nature parks (Kopački rit and Biokovo) on a Croatian level we can identify the following indicators and trends:
1. Socio-demographic profile of visitors – Sociodemografski profil posjetitelja parkova
– A maintained visitor structure with visitors of average age, high education level and above average income, the majority from foreign countries (mainly from Germany, Italy, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Hungary, Poland, France, Great Britain and Austria). The percentage of visitors that are members of an ecological or nature conservation NGO or that receive temporarily/regularly ecological newspapers is increasing.
– The percentage of first time visitors to a protected area in this year has declined from 58% to 19%, and 53% of visitors have been two or more times in protected areas, which shows a change in lifestyle related to nature.
– Also the majority of the visitors was the first time in the visited park, so we cannot consider them as „regular” guests of the respective park.
2. Motives for arrival, characteristics of the visit and activities in the park Motivi dolaska, karakteristike posjeta i aktivnosti u parkovima
– The majority of park visitors are visitors that target their location of holidays (52%). In the research of Marušić et all.(2007) there were 36%, and the majority were tourist in transit (38%). The increase indicates a higher and targeted interest of tourists to visit protected areas.
– The visitors stay in the park mainly up to three hours (35%), and in the research of Marušić et all. (2007) about half a day. The stay in the park or surrounding of two or more days has increased from 10% to 13%. The results show, that however the main percentage of visitors are still on excursion or short trips.
– Hiking on organised trails is the main mean of visiting the park, what was also the case in the investigated national and nature parks in Croatia in 2006.
– The main motive for park visits are still enjoying natural beauties (51%), general wish to visit the park (decreased from 48% to 41%) and rest and relaxation (increased from 29% to 34%).
– The main activities in the parks of the Zadar county are hiking (75%), photographing nature (48%), swimming (37%) and consummation of food/drinks in gastronomic objects of the park (32%), while on a Croatian level they were photographing nature (84%), consummation of food/drinks in gastronomic objects of the park (38%), visits to an info centre and shopping in markets/souvenir shops (31%). Hiking was also the main activity in the KEC research (Agriconsulting S. p. A. 2005).
3. Quality of the park – Kvaliteta parka
– Crowdedness in the park as well as crowdedness on arrival/departure to the park was experienced by 36% of the visitors, which is by a third lower than in the parks on Croatian level. Then and now, about