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effect on soil compaction. Soil disturbance and rutting from skidding operations are common consequence of soil damage on skid road. Especially, the rutting causes serious erosion problems during heavy rainfalls. After heavy winter conditions and spring rains, erosive power of the surface run-off can create damages on the skid roads.
Skidding operations should be planned to minimize soil compaction. Also, the appropriate machine types and machine sizes should be selected for skidding operations to minimize soil disturbance. In the plantation areas, the skid roads should be rehabilitee by bulldozer and grader. Thus, the risk of erosion is reduced in the years ahead.
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