prilagođeno pretraživanje po punom tekstu

ŠUMARSKI LIST 9-10/2016 str. 69     <-- 69 -->        PDF

its vicinity are important cultural and educational facilities as well as numerous commercial facilities. Therefore, although it belongs to the municipality of Palilula, the users of Tašmajdan, as an urban park, are the residents of several city municipalities. The park area is 65393m2. Green area cover is 49365m2, while other areas of 16028m2 include: walking trails, plateaus, stairs and three children playgrounds with playing props, water fountains, a chess pavillion, a jogging track and an area with exercise equipment.
Metoda rada
The research involved the method of surveying the sample of 300 users. The survey was conducted according to the established protocol (Milić, 1978), randomly, during September, which is the month when the weather conditions favor outdoor activities. The survey of the users was conducted in the period from 10am to 8pm, during at least one working day and one day of the weekend. The respondents completed the survey of 42 questions in person and before a researcher, during the period of 10 minutes on average. The survey consisted of closed questions with defined answers, questions with multiple choice answers, questions with previously determined answers and the possibility of giving additional open-ended answers and open-ended questions. The respondents carried out their evaluation by using a 5-point Likert Scale for evaluation (1 – very poor, 2 – poor, 3 – acceptable, 4 – very good, 5 – excellent) (Table 2). The satisfaction of the respondents is expressed by an overall average grade, which is determined as the mean value of the average score obtained by evaluating the park based on the questions asked. The survey serves to determine the structure of the users (based on gender, age group, level of education, financial situation, etc.), and their views about accessibility, suitability for different types of activities (diversity of facilities and equipment), the amenity of the area, opportunities for their engagement in social activities (Cooper Marcus & Francis, 1998; Carmona et al., 2003; Ter, 2011 et al.), regularity of the park maintenance, existence of conflict with other visitors to the park etc. The utilization potential of the studied park was evaluated in relation to the social aspect of the space use (PPS – Project for Public Space, 2005) by asking questions that explore the social structure of the respondents (individual or group visits to the park, their engagement in conversation with other users of the park etc.).
The data processing and analysis were done in Microsoft Office Excel 2007 and the statistical program SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 10.0 (SPSS, Chicago, IL.). The numerical variables used the parameters of the mean and standard deviations and categorical variables (gender, age group, level of education) frequencies and percentages. Multiple answers to questions regarding the motives of visits to the park were analyzed individually for each of these motives and all of them put together, compared to the number of the motives stated. The average value of the respondents’ motivation to use the park was measured by the number of the motives stated, out of 5 registered motive categories, and is expressed in percentages.
The overview of the results and comparative analysis were carried out on the basis of the attitudes the users (64% female and 36% male) took in the completed surveys. It was found that the greatest number of the respondents in Tašmajdan Park is between 20 and 54 years of age (72%), while the respondents who are 55 or over account for 16%. The structure of the respondents according to their current occupation indicates that most park visitors are employees (44%), pupils or students (29%), while the pensioners and the