DIGITALNA ARHIVA ŠUMARSKOG LISTA
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|ŠUMARSKI LIST 11-12/2016 str. 53 <-- 53 --> PDF|
Archips xylosteana (Linnaeus, 1758), Tortricidae, the brown oak tortrix
The wide distribution area of A. xylosteana includes Europe, Asia Minor, Eastern Russia, China, Korea and Japan. (Karsholt and Razowski 1996; Fauna Europaea, http://www.faunaeur.org/; Jurc 2006). Development is relatively fast, with only one generation per year. Adults are active from May to August. The rather long flight period might suggest a partial 2nd brood (Szabóky and Csóka 2010). The females are attracted to males with sexual pheromones (Frérot et al. 1983). The fertilized female lays eggs on the bark of trunks or branches and covers them with secretions of the gonads. Larvae feed on the leaves of deciduous trees and shrubs of the genera Acer, Crataegus, Quercus, Castanea, Corylus, Fagus, Fraxinus, Lonicera, Betula, Tilia, Sorbus, Salix, Myrica, Hypericum, Ulmus, Malus, Pyrus, Rubus and Prunus (Jurc 2006). C. australis is a new host for this species (Figures 11, 12, 13).