DIGITALNA ARHIVA ŠUMARSKOG LISTA
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|ŠUMARSKI LIST 11-12/2016 str. 61 <-- 61 --> PDF|
Euro-American poplar, pedunculate oak and ash as the main species. There are no major differences in the characteristics of the terrain and mode of work among these work units. However, there are differences in the felling volume and (softwood and hardwood) tree species that cover these surfaces. The annual felling volume of the forest estate is about 200 000.00 m3 (about 52% accounts for pedunculate oak and 30% for Euro-American poplar). Table 1 shows the total number of workers engaged in forest utilization operations in the period when the survey was conducted (2008-2012) by work units, years and workplaces.
Loggers were engaged in the operations of logging and assortment processing. Manual loaders were engaged in the loading and unloading of stacked wood. Silvicultural workers worked on silvicultural operations, while drivers drove tractors and trucks.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
MATERIJALI I METODE
Each of the work-related injuries was recorded immediately after occurrence. The injury was recorded by the occupational medical service, i.e. a doctor who received the worker and examined the injury. The classification of injuries was performed according to the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, and the code list of diseases was taken from the paragraph „external causes of morbidity and mortality (V01-Y98)“.
After each recorded work-related injury, occupational medical service would send a report on medical examination of the injured worker to the Republic Labor Inspection, the Ministry of Interior and the clerk of occupational safety in the work unit where the worker was employed. From the report on medical examination of the employee, the data would be entered into a special record in each work unit and then sent for archiving to the head office and the person in charge of safety and health at work in the forest management unit. The following information were entered in the records: the name and surname of the injured worker, a description of the event, the injured body part, the type of injury and the cause of injury. For the purpose of this study, data on the age, length of service and performance of loggers at the time of injury were subsequently submitted. The assessment of the type of injury was performed by the doctor who first examined the worker. Light injury is considered an injury without serious consequences for the injured. On the other hand, severe injuries cause permanent consequences for the injured. There are three subdegrees of the severe injury type, including 1) severe bodily injury (no other attributes, the so-called regular severe injury), 2) particularly severe bodily injury, especially severe bodily injury with the loss of important organs, which is life threatening or causes mutilation; 3) fatal severe bodily injury.
Workers employed in forest utilization operations are permanently employed and work full-time for a period of 8 hours, i.e. from 6 to14 h in summer and from 7 to15 h in winter, with the right to a 30-minute break. Workers work according to a norm predetermined on a monthly basis, so that they are not paid overtime.
Regarding professional training, the forest estate provides loggers with a month-long course (theoretical classes) and two months of practical training, in which a future logger performs logging with the help of a more experienced colleague (mentor). Upon successful completion of the training, the worker receives a certificate of recognition of professional qualifications, serving as an internal proof. All workers have adequate equipment, and according to the „Law on Safety and Health at Work“ („Official Gazette of RS“, no. 101/2005) i.e. the „Regulations on previous and periodical medical examinations of employees at workplaces with increased risk“ all workers are required to have a recurrent annual medical examination, carried out by an occupational medical service.
On the basis of the analyzed number of occupational injuries in the 2000-2012 period, it was found that the largest number of occupational injuries were recorded among workers engaged as loggers (Figure 2).