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ŠUMARSKI LIST 7-8/2018 str. 45     <-- 45 -->        PDF

Ebubekir Gündogdu
A new location record of European polecat (Mustela putorius L.) from northeastern forests in Turkey
Novi lokalitet pridolaska tvora (Mustela putorius L.) u šumskim područjima sjevernoistočne Turske
The present study deals with European Polecat Mustela putorius found at one locality (near the Kop River in Bayburt) on the region of Eastern Black Sea of Turkey. This species are new records for the Northeastern Anatolia and the city of Bayburt. European polecat was previously reported from the region of Marmara, Trakya and Western Black Sea. The morphological and distributional features of this species are presented.
Key words: European Polecat, biodiversity, distribution, new record, Northeastern Anatolian
Distributed throughout much of Europe, but absent from Ireland, European polecats declined in the early 20th century, reaching their lowest ebb by the 1950s (MacDonald and Tattersall, 2001), and now Polecats range throughout Europe. European Polecat is widespread in the western Palearctic, east to the Ural Mountains of the Russian Federation; it is absent from Ireland, northern Scandinavia, much of the Balkans, much of the eastern Adriatic coast and occurs in Greece only marginally in the north. It is widespread in France, less so in the south-west and south-east (Berzins and Ruette 2014, Calenge et al. 2015), in mainland Spain (Grupo de carnívoros terrestres de la SECEM 2001, Virgós 2007), in Romania (IUCN, 2017) and in many other countries of its range. Since the year 2000 many distribution gaps in the Swiss Midlands and Jura have been filled and in the Grisons the species has expanded its range in the Vorderrhein Valley to almost the Oberalp Pass, and in the Vorderrhein Valley to the Via Mala area (Infofauna 2016).
In Europe, Western Polecat has been recorded from sea-level up to at least 1,600 m a.s.l. in Spain (Virgós 2007) and up to 1,400 m for the French Pyrenees and 1,500 m for the French Alps; previous statements of occurrence up to 2,000 m a.s.l. in France remain to be corroborated, although in Switzerland there are recent records at altitudes probably above 1900 a.s.l. (IUCN, 2017). The African populations occur from sea level to 2,400 m (Griffiths and Cuzin 2013).
European Polecat is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, large population and because it is unlikely to be declining at the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category or even as Near Threatened (IUCN, 2017)