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ŠUMARSKI LIST 7-8/2019 str. 28     <-- 28 -->        PDF

stakeholders’ opinions the most important obstacles are the decrease of forest management practices (loggings) due to the nature conservation constrains and the restrictions of economic activities not adequately compensate.
The results of this study are in line with the results highlighted in Italy and Slovakia with special regard to Natura 2000 network by similar studies (De Meo et al. 2016, Brescancin et al. 2017). De Meo et al. (2016) evidenced for the Italian context that the Natura 2000 network is considered as an obstacle for human activities by 38% of 56 respondents. The main reasons are due to restriction of activities not adequately compensated; bureaucracy to access funding and for authorization process; conservative mentality of the staffs of Natura 2000 sites management offices; inadequate information and poor awareness of stakeholders. At the same time, the Natura 2000 network is also considered as an opportunity (82% of 56 respondents) for the following aspects: enhancement of the green economy; increased access to EU, national and regional funding; environmental innovation linked to the enhancement of ecosystem services provided by Natura 2000 sites; creation of green jobs; preservation and enhancement of traditional human activities.
Brescancin et al. (2016) highlighted that the Natura 2000 network in Slovakia is an obstacle to human activities due to an increase in bureaucracy, in restrictions for the traditional agricultural and forestry activities and in restrictions to ownership rights. Those authors shown that this network is an opportunity for four reasons: it provides economic benefits to private owners; it is a marketing tool to promote eco-tourism; it is an instrument to maintain ecosystem services; and it is a mean to stimulate the active management of grasslands.