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ŠUMARSKI LIST 3-4/2023 str. 48     <-- 48 -->        PDF

Sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) is a noble, multi-purpose hardwood species. In addition to ­edible fruits and high-quality wood, chestnut forests have been used as a source of various resources since the antiquity. Intensive management of forests and stands, however, together with the emergence of chestnut blight, has led to their decline and dieback. As a result, in numerous European countries multidisciplinary projects were initialized, with goals of conserving the genetic resources of the ­species, as well as reestablishing its significance in rural and forest ecosystems. In this paper, an overview of the most important long-term gene conservation strategies is presented, with suggestions for ­guidelines for application of in situ and ex situ conservation methods in Croatia.
Key words: gene conservation, conservation units, provenance, genetic diversity, forest reproductive material