DIGITALNA ARHIVA ŠUMARSKOG LISTA
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forest areas of Pinus nigra J. F. Arnold and Pinus sylvestris L. were reforested and expanded (Letić and Malešević, 2005; Milenković et al., 2017; Table 2.). By 1987, the area under pine trees had increased to 5,916 ha, which aggravated the risk of potential fires. In the 1948–2017 period, 267 forest fires were recorded in this area, destroying 11,943 ha of forest (Milenković et al., 2018). The largest fires were recorded in 1972, 1990, 1996 and 2007 (Milenković et al., 2017).
After the WWII, federal and republican decrees on the organization of forestry were passed, and nine large forest holdings were created in Serbia that managed the public forests. Since 1948, the previous practice of forest use has been changed and exploitation has been separated from forest cultivation. Since 1950, a new Law on Forests was implemented, according to which the management of forests was transferred to regional holdings. In 1951, the forestry of Vojvodina was placed under the jurisdiction of the Provincial Government. Forest Management in Bela Crkva with its three forest administrations - Banatski Karlovac, Deliblato and Bela Crkva - was given the responsibility for afforestation, management, and later use of forests within Deliblato Sands. The Planning Elaborate issued in 1952 further mandated annual afforestation and reforestation on 200 ha, for whichPinus nigra J. F. Arnold and Pinus sylvestris L., Juglans nigra L., Robinia pseudoacacia L., Populus carolinensis Moench., Tilia tomentosa Moench and Juniperus virginiana L. were predominantly used. In this period, 4,180 ha is afforested.
In this period, a more intensive poplar production began in SerbiaIntensive poplar and willow plantations were mostly located on sites of natural willow and poplar forests, as well as areas covered by other forest tree types.
• The eighth afforestation period (1991–2006) – The period marked by “Srbijašume” and “Vojvodinašume” public enterprises:
In 1991, with the passing of the amendment of the Law on Public Enterprises and the Law on Forests, forestry operations in the Republic of Serbia were centralised and taken over by the Public Enterprise “Srbijašume”. Public forests and areas were placed under state ownership, and 27 forest units were established to facilitate their management. Under this new framework, the Deliblato Sands was located within the “Banat” Forestry Holding in Pančevo.
In 2002, in accordance with the Decision of the Provincial Government of Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (Official Gazette of APV no. 7 of 20/05/2002), all forest areas at the AP Vojvodina territory were placed under the jurisdiction of a newly founded public company “Vojvodinašume” with headquarters in Petrovaradin. Forestry Holding “Banat” in Pančevo is still one of the three organizational units of this company. During this period, about 728 ha were reforested (Figure 9.) and scientific research on Deliblato Sands was intensified, with the aim of elucidating its biodiversity, as well as addressing the problems faced by forestry (seedling withering, parasite infestation, raising and maintaining forests on sands, etc.).
• The ninth afforestation period (from 2006 onward) – Period of sustainable forest management:
In 2006, Public enterprise “Vojvodinašume” started the process of certification of forests under its management, which implies the application of clearly defined international standards in the implementation of sustainable forest