|ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC PAPERS|
|Matić, S., Rauš, Đ., Seletković, Z., Španjol, Ž., Anić, I., Oršanić, M., Tikvić, L., Baričević, D.||UDK 630* 189 + 269 + 41 : 907.1 (001)|
|A Contribution to Knowing the Forests and Forest Vegetation in Kornati National Park and Telašćica Nature Park pdf HR EN||583|
|Summary: The Kornati Archipelago encompasses 149 island, islets and reefs with about 320 km2 of island-maritime surface area. The islands themselves cover about 69.5 km2. The present National Park of Kornati is made up of 101 islands, islets and reefs totalling 224 km2 of the sea-island surface area.The Kornati Islands have had the status of a national park since July 24th 1980. At the start, a part of Dugi Otok – the Bay of Telašćica were also part of the Park. However, lack of co-operation between the two Park administrations of that time (one for the area of the Šibenik commune and one for that of the Zadar commune), led to the exclusion of the 6,706 ha of the mentioned area from the National Park and their proclamation into a park of nature on March 24th 1988.|
Kornati and Telašćica are located in the eu-mediterranean vegetation belt where the climatic zonal vegetation consists of Myrto-Quercetum ilicis.
The Kornati Archipelago may seemingly give an impression of a bare stone area. The plant cover on all the islands consists of a given vegetation type in some of the degradation stages of the climato-zonal vegetation.
The relationship of many centuries between man and nature (vegetation) in the form of everyday living and agricultural activities (farming, cattle-breeding) have made Kornati into a unique and inimitable region, resulting in proclaiming the larger share of the Kornati Archipelago into a national park.
Reduced agricultural activities on the islands has enabled a spontaneous progressive development of both holm oak forests ranging from pastures, garrigues, maquis to coppices, and the successinon of pioneering pine species: aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) and stone pine (Pinus pinea).
The only larger complex of holm oak forests in the coppice development stage is found on the northern slopes of the island of Kornat (about 50 ha). Smaller remains of devastated holm oak forests can also be sporadically found on the islands of Vodenja, Lovsa, Piškera, Veli Rašip, Žut, Balun and Levrnak. Apart from the remains of holm oak forests, the cultures of aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) and stone pine (Pinus pinea) on the island of Levrnak are also of importance. Aleppo pine as a pioneering species is gradually conquering the surrounding area, so that its expansion onto other islands, such as Žut, Provarsa and Katina, can be noted.
The Telašćica Park of Nature is characterised by the complexes of pine cultures (Pinus halepensis) and partly by the forest of holm oak (Quercus ilex).
There is a fundamental “ecological”question of how to valorise this jewel of nature. Proclaiming the Kornati Archipelago a national park, as well as the nature protection activities in this area, have in fact “frozen” a century long process which has made the Kornati into such a unique world phenomenon and for which it has been proclaimed a national park in the first place. The protection of the islands may in fact give rise to “an unavoidable paradox”. It may result in turning the Kornati into green islands.
The answer to this question involves passing radical decisions for the future. The only solution entails a joint decision by scientists, the Kornati managers and private landowners (95 % of the area is privately owned) and the observation of national interests. This should be included into the National Park spatial plan. Only a complex and integral evaluation can bring together all interested parties with the aim of reserving the natural peculiarities and uniqueness of the “cultural-civilised heritage of the area” within sustainable development of agricultural activities to the benefit of autochthonous population and numerous visitors.
Since a major share of the Kornati Archipelago is protected under the national park category, the Nature Protection Act defines what a national park is and what activities can be undertaken in it. Afforestation over larger arces is therefore out of the question. With regard to spatial evaluation of the National Park, there are locations and zones where afforestation is permissible and even desirable. These are the zones of specific protection, that is, multi-purpose zones with tourist and other agricultural locations and infrastructure.
The primary goal in the Kornati Archipelago is to preserve and protect the natural aspect of the existing forest vegetation and prevent any devastation and destruction (grazing, uncontroled fellings, fires). Not all islands within the National Park are expected to be economically evaluated in terms of agriculture and cattle-breeding. The succession of the vegetation will continue with pioneering conifer species (pines) either through autochthonous elements within the degradation stages of holm oak forests, such as garrigues, maquis and coppices. The first task of the forestry profession is to preserve the remains of the forests, and then to protect, tend and lead them to a better quality and permanent stage (seed forests). Regardless of the protective nature of the National Park, foresty scientists and experts, as well as biologists-ekologists, should constantly be present there.
|Krapinec, K.||UDK 630* 156 + 262 (001)|
|The Importance and Role of Plant Species from Open Strips in the Eu-Mediterranean as a Nutritive Potential for the Growth of Big Game pdf HR EN||599|
|Posavec, S.||UDK 630* 652 + 909 (001)|
|A Discussion on the Methods of Assessing Forest Values pdf HR EN||611|
|Krpan, A. P. B., Poršinsky, T.||UDK 630* 369 + 37|
|Harvester Timberjack 1070 in Croatia pdf HR EN||619|
|Frković, A.||UDK 630* 156 (Lynx lynx L.)|
|The Lynx (Lynx lynx L.) in Croatia - Reintroduction, Catch and Population pdf HR EN||625|
|Bezak, K.||UDK 630* 567|
|Parameters of Volume Tables by Špiranec for Usable Timber of Pedunculate Oak (Quercus Robur L.), Sessile Oak (Quercus Petraea L.) and Common Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) pdf HR EN||635|