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Znanstveno-stručno i staleško glasilo
Hrvatskoga šumarskoga društva
Journal of Forestry Society of Croatia
      Prvi puta izašao 1877. godine i neprekidno izlazi do današnjeg dana
   ISSN No.: 0373-1332              UDC 630* https://doi.org/10.31298/sl
upute autorima
WEB EDITION
ARHIVA ČASOPISA


HRČAK


 
A WORD FROM THE EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
     
Branimir Prpić
ON THE ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE COMPANY “HRVATSKE ŠUME” Ltd     pdf     HR     EN 468
 
ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC PAPERS
     
Seletković,I., N. Potočić,A. Jazbec,T. Ćosić,T. Jakovljević UDK 630* 232.2 + 232.3 (001)
The Influence of Various Growing Substrates and Slow-release Fertilizers on the Growth and Physiological Parameters of Common Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Seedlings in a Nursery and Following Planting in the Field     pdf     HR     EN 469
Tanušev,V., J. Ištvanić, M. Moro, J. Butković UDK 630* 333 + 83 (001)
Yield of Low Quality and Small-Sized Diameter Common Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Logs in Rough Dimension Stock Production     pdf     HR     EN 483
Summary: By agreement, and in practice sometimes without that agreement, to sawmills sometimes are delivered logs which do not fit regulations for standard saw logs. Often those logs are below standard quality or dimensions. Namely, sawmills compensate the lack of standard saw logs, in aspiration to fully use own capacities, by processing round wood with smaller dimensions; so called thin round wood. In this form of sawmill raw material, diameter dimensions and more often quality are below regulations for saw­mill raw materials (sawmill logs). Diameter of thin round wood can range from 15 to 24 cm, and length can range from 2 m and above.
Apart from thin round wood, high quality stacked wood in form of split or round wood (pulpwood, fire­wood, chemical conversion wood and others) can be used as input raw material. Nevertheless, that sort of raw material is infrequently used in large industrial sawmills, due to the problematic profitability of saw­mill processing and unique sawmill technological basis. Considering the yield at sawing of these logs it is apparent that it is different from yield at processing of standard sawmill raw material.
Research aim of this paper was to determine volume yield, lumber value yield and log value yield of common beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) logs with smaller diameter and quality during their processing dimen­sion stock and flooring components. The study is based on common beech trees harvested in Bosnia and Hercegovina. The object of research were beech logs divided into three groups with mid diameter ranging from 18 to 20, 21 to 23 and 24 to 26 cm (Table 1 to 3). Primary sawing of logs was performed by using live sawing technique on long band saw. All obtained sawn boards were sawn up into dimension stock and floo­ring components by cross – rip sawing method.
The best log volume yield in the form of dimension stock and flooring components showed logs with mid diameter ranging from 24 to 26 cm, followed by logs with diameter from 21 to 23 cm, and logs with diame­ter from 18 to 20 cm, with mutual insignificant difference (Figure 1 and Table 8). Results show that the best quality dimension stock and flooring components were sawn from logs with mid diameter ranging from 21 to 23 cm, followed by logs with diameter from 24 to 26 cm, and logs with diameter from 18 to 20 cm (Figure 2 and Table 9) . The best log value yield results showed logs with mid diameter ranging from 24 to 26 cm, followed by logs with diameter from 21 to 23 cm, and logs with diameter from 18 to 20 cm (Figure 3 and Table 10).
The results confirmed some previous research. They indicate the possibility of successful processing of this kind of raw material regarding the research of technological criteria. In doing so, raw material selec­tion and its qualitative classification is very important. Quality criteria and dimensions of dimension stock and flooring components which will be produced from that raw material are also important. In this paper the usage of three very confined diameter groups was compared. It was determined that there is slight but insignificant mutual difference. With further research it should be considered if there is any sense compa­ring such confined diameter groups, namely experiments should be set so that wider diameter groups are compared. Considering the market status of beech sawmill products, more attention should be given to economic indicators and success criteria of sawmill processing of this form of sawmill raw material.
Key words: Common beech (Fagus sylvaticaL.); dimension stock; log value yield.; log volume yield; low quality and small-sized diameter logs; lumber value yield; sawmil­ling production
Šušnjar, M., D. Pičman,T. Pentek, D. Horvat, H. Nevečerel, K. Greger UDK 630* 383 + 432 (001)
Working Characteristics of Terrain Leveler Machine in Forest Fire Road Construction and Carst Melioration     pdf     HR     EN 493
Ballian, Dalibor UDK 630* 165 (001)
Genetic Structure of Silver Fir (Abies Alba Mill.) from Western and Eastern Bosnia     pdf     HR     EN 501
Bobinac, M., S.Andrašev UDK 630* 25 (001)
Effects of Silvicultural Measures in Devitalized Middle Aged Oak Stand (Quercus Robur L.) on Chernozem in Vojvodina     pdf     HR     EN 513
Farkaš,V., T. Gomerčić, M. Sindičić,V. Slijepčević, Đ. Huber,A. Frković, S. Modrić UDK 630* 156 (001)
CraniometricalAnalysis and Determination of Sexual Dimorphism in Brown Bear (Ursus arctos L.) from Croatia     pdf     HR     EN 527

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